One of those partitions must be a recovery partition. Is this a branded computer?
At the Advanced Boot Menu please select the Repair Your Computer option
You may see a System Recovery Options screen asking you to choose your keyboard option - make sure it's set to US and select Next
Next System Recovery Option screen will want you to log in as a local user, so please select your user name from the dropdown list and enter your password. Select Next
You should now see the main System Recovery Options
At this screen select Startup Repair and it should start scanning your computer to attempt to fix startup problems.
Note that Startup Repair may prompt you to make choices as it attempts to fix problems and it may restart your computer.
If the repairs are not successful, it should give you a summary of the problems. You might want to write this summary down if you can't save it otherwise.
After you are done, give normal mode a try again, and let me know what happens.