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File attributes

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  • PipPip
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ref my last post "Hard Drive full... NOT"

Could someone educate us on the file attributes, being A, H, C, HC, R, S or

I will admi to being more concerned about HSA.
I searched it on the web and found it means "Removed Uninstall Key".
A second search on that comes back with links to hijacked programs.
However, I am absolutly certain not to have any such nasties on my system (I
run a bunch of anti-everything). And just to be certain, I scanned using the
software "HijackThis" and all seems alright.

The files I am concerned with are:
C:WINDOWS/0 1 375 440 System file
C:WINDOWS/4 1 375 440 System file
C:WINDOWS/6 1 375 440 System file
C:WINDOWS/8 1 375 440 System file
C:WINDOWS/9 1 375 440 System file

This all have the HSA attribute and I can't do a arn thing with them even in
safe mode and all service turned of or disabled (excetp Logical Disk Manager).
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The FAT and NTFS file systems used by Windows use these file attributes for various reasons.

R - Read Only
A - Archive - set when a file is used/changed/modified - sets the date shown next to the file
S - System file
H - hidden

Any file can be assigned any attributes by the author of the software. Users can change most attributes provided they have access. S and H are usually used for very good reasons.

Lots of system files are R S H for a very good reason. They don't want you to change them. Some spyware also uses this trick.

This page on Microsoft's website explains a little more about attributes.


It's the description of the Attrib command which is normally used from the command line (DOS Window). In normal Windows usage you can check attributes by right-clicking on the files and going to properties. The Attributes are shown at the bottom of the screen. You can change attributes there but check if you should be changing the attributes of a file.

The other attributes belong to folders/directories, drive labels and shortcuts.

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